What’s Fact & What’s Fiction?
The Seven Wonders of the Ancient World continue to inspire my creative imagination and my passion for historical research. In So Shines the Night I wanted to give readers an experience of the Temple of Artemis in a real and tangible way.
By the opening of So Shines the Night, this temple had been built, destroyed by a flood’s deposit of silt and sand, rebuilt, destroyed by arson, and rebuilt yet again, larger and more magnificent than ever. The tenaciousness of the Ephesian people in their devotion to Artemis is undeniable.
The province of Asia Minor during the reign of the Roman Empire was an eclectic mix of Romans, Greeks, Jews and others, though the culture was mainly Greek. But the Ephesian Artemis was distinct from the usual Artemis worshipped elsewhere through the Greek world. The “virgin huntress” of the larger Greek world was here in Ephesus changed to focus more on fertility, and from the comment made in Acts 19, the Ephesians seemed to believe that she had fallen to them from the sky – it’s believed that perhaps some kind of meteoric rock actually fell and was preserved inside the temple.
Ephesus itself was an important harbor city of the ancient world, though it had been ravaged the century prior by the Mithridatic Wars which had left the city heavily in debt. When Augustus came to power in 27 BC, he made Ephesus the capital of his new province of Asia, and began a widespread rebuilding of the city, which brought affluence and luxury. At the point of our story, in 57 AD, there is still more extravagant building to come – for nearly another hundred years – including that iconic image of Ephesus, the Library of Celsus. Readers who have visited the ancient ruins of Ephesus may have wondered at that structure’s absence from the story. In fact, it was not built until 135 AD.
All that Greek and Roman history is fascinating, but for me, the most enjoyable part of this book was getting to include some familiar characters from the pages of the Bible – Paul and Timothy, Priscilla and Aquila, and a few other miscellaneous folks we know very little about. One of the challenges for me was pinning down an exact timeframe for the story, and in the end I made a decision based on widely-accepted historical research.
If you have one of those maps in the back of your Bible featuring “Paul’s missionary journeys,” you’ll find Ephesus along the route of Paul’s third journey. For those interested in a brief timeline, when Paul came to Ephesus he had already visited many of the well-known cities such as Thessaloniki, Phillipi, Athens and Corinth. He had worked alongside Barnabus and Silas, and picked up Timothy in Lystra. While in Corinth (probably around 53) he met Priscilla and Aquila who had moved there when the Roman emperor Claudius forced all Jews to leave Rome in 49. Paul stayed about eighteen months in Corinth, where he wrote two letters to the Thessalonians. Leaving Corinth, he took Priscilla and Aquila with him and stopped in Ephesus, leaving them there to begin missionary work while he continued on to Syria. Back in Ephesus, the tent-making couple encountered and discipled Apollos, who soon left them to join the church back in Corinth. Paul then returned to Ephesus, probably around 54, and stayed nearly three years, building the beginning of the Ephesian church. I would really encourage you to read through Acts 18 and 19. It’s my hope that after reading So Shines the Night, Acts 19 especially will leap off the page! Look for some familiar characters you may never have noticed before.
Beyond the scope of this story, Paul left Ephesus and traveled inland through Macedonia (northern Greece), then down to the southern part of Greece, then looped back around and returned to Jerusalem, probably by about 58. It was then that he was taken before Governor Felix (Acts 24) and Festus about two years later (Acts 25). The voyage to Rome then began, including storms, a shipwreck, a poisonous snake bite, and then house arrest in Rome for two years, where he penned the letters to the Ephesians, Colossians, Philippians and Philemon. He apparently did more traveling after his release from arrest in 63, though we do not have many details. Paul was probably martyred sometime around 67, by the emperor Nero.
Such an adventurous life the man led in his quest to spread the gospel! The events of Acts 19 alone were enough to fill a story for me, and when it was time to write about the “ancient wonder” of the Temple of Artemis, I found this time in its history infinitely compelling.
Choosing John as my narrator in the Prologue and Epilogue might strike some of you as a strange choice, but I couldn’t pass over the fascinating possibility that he may have lived out his last years in Ephesus after his exile on Patmos. Mary, the mother of Jesus, may have lived there as well, perhaps taken care of by John years earlier, before his exile. We also know that Timothy eventually returned to pastor the church in Ephesus.
Besides grafting in the ancient pagan and the familiar biblical history, my desire was to create a sort of old-fashioned gothic romance set in an ancient period, and readers of that genre will no doubt recognize the subtle influences of some of my favorites – traces of Jane Eyre and her Mr. Rochester, and of Maxim de Winter, whose dead wife Rebecca haunts him and his timid new bride. Or perhaps hints of Jekyll and Hyde, or even a touch of my favorite age-old motif, that of “Beauty and the Beast.” It was great fun crafting a story out of all these disparate elements, and it’s my sincere hope that you’ve enjoyed the adventure.
I have been privileged to explore the city of Ephesus twice, and I invite you to visit my website, www.TracyHigley.com, to browse my travel photo journals. You’ll experience the sights and sounds of this great ancient city, see photos of the hillside estates, the agoras and temples and streets, and the vast amphitheater where Daria fought the powers of darkness for the man she loved and the God she was beginning to discover.
You’ll also have a chance to connect with me. I love to hear from readers about the adventure of their own lives. Where are you in your own battle to stand strong and to trust? Please visit my site and share your heart with me!
And I hope you’ll join me on my next adventure! Check out the “Work-in-Progress” page to see where we’ll be headed next!